The journal Two Homelands recently published a special section on marginal mobilities, which included the following papers on lifestyle migration:
Going Nomad: New Mobile Lifestyles among Europeans
Global modernity with its economic and technological transformations generates new mobile lifestyles that challenge officially recognized forms of human mobility. The new European nomads presented in this article are representatives of this newly emergent form of mobility. Closer ethnographic scrutiny reveals that these people are constantly on the move, and work and use several income-making strategies while on the road. Not only mobility and economic strategies, but also conceptions concerning reasons to be mobile, relations with the background society and the public spaces they traverse share similar features. There are numerous criteria according which it is possible to talk about them as representatives of a new type of contemporary mobility, for which peripatetic nomadism, marginality and inventiveness are central characteristics. In the article I discuss the field research data that underscores the characteristics according to which my interlocutors can be conceptualised as “marginal mobile subjects”: their income depends on mobile and flexible economic strategies which define their patterns of more or less irregular movement; their social reality consists of in-betweenness, a lack of networks of assistance and invisibility in public space. Although they like to state that their lifestyle is a result of a free choice, the situations in their everyday lives reveal that their freedom is actually constrained by unfortunate or unsatisfactory life situations which often lead to feelings of marginalisation and being deceived by their background society, and they tend to bypass state bureaucracies imposing “sedentary norms” on their lives.
KEYWORDS: mobility, marginality, peripatetic nomadism, inventiveness, global modernity
Contemporary Peripatetic Adaptations: Mobility, Marginality and Inventiveness
The anthropological study of contemporary peripatetic adaptations is based on selected anthropological literature dealing with peripatetic nomadism, mobility and marginality as well as ethnographic research in which the author observed the lives of ‘liveaboards’ who travel and live on boats in the Eastern Mediterranean and elsewhere. The peripatetic group of liveaboards can be theorized within peripatetic nomadism, yet the surrounding context of global modernity that brings to the fore increased living standards, technological development, recession, redundancy and disillusion with national state system is of particular importance. In the first part the development of the anthropological perspective on peripatetic nomadism will be presented in order to discuss parallels between traditional and contemporary cases. In the second part a discussion of mobility, marginality and inventiveness will be developed in relation to contemporary ethnographic accounts.
KEY WORDS: peripatetic nomadism, marginality, mobility, peripatetic liveabo
Marginally Mobile? The Vulnerable Lifestyle of Westerners in Goa
An increasing number of Westerners are leading lifestyles where they repeatedly spend long periods of time in Goa, India. This article discusses the phenomenon in terms of marginal mobility. The main focus is on the problems that the transnationally mobile lifestyle can cause for individuals. The article shows that the mobile lifestyle of the Westerners in Goa involves various vulnerabilities, for example in terms of personal crises, official residence status, visas and children’s education. The article is based on extensive ethnographic research.
KEYWORDS: marginal mobility, sedentary norms, India
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